Pituitary

 Effects of somatostatin and its analogues on progenitor mesenchymal cells isolated from human pituitary adenomas
01/04/2017 00:00
 

Abstract

Purpose

Progenitor mesenchymal cells (PMCs) have been found also in epithelial tumors and may derive from cancer stem cells (CSCs) by EMT mechanism. In this scenario, the effects of traditionally drugs on PMCs become of primary concern for therapeutic approaches. Previously, we isolated PMCs from acromegalic (GHomas) and not-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs). Here we evaluate: (1) the role of EMT on their origin; (2) the presence of the somatostatin receptors (SSTR1?5); (3) the effects of somatostatin (SST) and its analogues (SSAs) on PMCs proliferation, apoptosis and SSTR1?5 expression.

Methods

PMCs were isolated from GHomas and NFPAs; the expression of E-CADHERIN and TGF?RII (referred to EMT), the expression of the SSTR1?5 as well as the proliferation and apoptosis were tested before and after drugs administration.

Results

Results show a decrease of E-CADHERIN and an increase of TGF?RII, confirming an EMT involvement; SSTR1?5 are more expressed by PMCs from GHomas than from NFPAs. SST and SSAs administration does not affect cell proliferation and SSTR1?5 expression on PMCs from NFPAs while in PMCs from GHomas, cell proliferation showed a marked decrease and a corresponding increase in the expression of SSTR1?2. Apoptosis rate and EMT were not affected by drugs administration.

Conclusions

Results indicate as EMT may be related to the presence of PMCs on pituitary tumors; SSAs, currently used in the management of human GHomas, exert anti-proliferative effect also in PMCs that, because of their derivation from CSCs, may be a new meaningful target for drugs treatment.