Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism

 Iodine in dairy milk: sources, concentrations and importance to human health
 
Milk and dairy products are major iodine sources in industrialized countries. However, consumption of milk and dairy, as well as their iodine concentrations, vary widely, making them an unpredictable iodine source. Milk iodine concentrations in industrialized countries range from 33?534 ?g/L and are influenced by the iodine intake of dairy cows, goitrogen intake, milk yield, season, teat dipping with iodine-containing disinfectants, type of farming and processing. We estimate milk and dairy contribute ?13?64% of the recommended daily iodine intake based on country-specific food intake data.